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The Components of an Effective Home Security System


The most common threat to our home is burglary. In fact, according to FBI statistics, a burglary occurs in the US every 15.4 seconds. While it is a non-confrontational property crime, having your home burgled can leave you feeling very uneasy and vulnerable. It could even be hard for you to re-enter the home after it has been burglarized. Because most burglars follow the path of least resistance, often a warning sign that the home is protected by a security system, will cause them to move to easier places to rob. So, if you are seeking to really deter potential burglars, you may want to consider a home security system.

But what exactly is in one?

There are several major components to installing the best home security system.

Security Alarm Equipment

Make sure your alarm does what it is designed to do: help protect your home:

  • Control Panel: All of the alarm operations are centered in this panel including the central monitoring system connection (if one is installed).  You will not have a need to access this panel. It is something that an alarm technician will work on, if necessary.
  • Keypads: This is the device where you will check system status, turn the system on/off and program user codes. Most of these work on a pass code system. The pads are placed near doors to make it easy to arm and disarm them.  (Also, similar to a remote control, you may also have a device which will allow you to arm or disarm a system from outside of the residence.)
  • Siren: When the alarm goes off, a siren will sound. The purpose is to startle any unwanted intruders away from the home.
  • Motion Detectors: These devices work by sensing changes in infrared temperatures. By setting itself to normal room infrared temperatures (including heat or cooling changes and pet movements), they will detect when a sudden change not usual for the room takes place. Several styles are available to meet any homeowner needs.
  • Glass and Window Sensors: If a door or window is opened or any glass is broken this device will detect that and set off the alarm.

Other alarm components include a panic button and smoke/heat detectors. Everything can be customized to your family needs.

Making the Alarm Effective

To make your alarm do what is designed to do, which is to protect your home:

  • Make sure that the alarm emits a warning device if it is failing due to weak signals, battery problems, tampering, etc.
  • Check that the sensors are able to detect an intruder at all potential access points or before he even gets to those entry points.
  • Ensure that the alarm system is properly set up so that protected areas do not interfere with daily activities of the inhabitants or cause regular false alarms.
  • For greater home security, you may also want to consider having a professional security service do a 24/7 monitoring of your alarm system.